Magnesium is a trace element that exists in the bones, tissues, and organs of the body. It is an intracellular metal element, which we should receive in specific quantities.
There are many essential minerals such as calcium, potassium, and sodium in the human body, but for them to work, they depend on magnesium.
Magnesium activates more than 300 different biochemical reactions in the human body, all the same necessary to function correctly.
Contrary to what many people think, magnesium deficiency is widespread even in those who take a magnesium supplement regularly.
Magnesium and calcium
Magnesium is closely involved with calcium in metabolism. It is widely distributed to soft molecules and the skeleton, which contains more than 70% of its total body. If its intake through the diet is reduced, the body is protected from magnesium loss by reducing its amount in the urine, which allows the preservation of this metal for future use.
Magnesium should be present in appropriate quantities because it helps to assimilate calcium. As magnesium tends to be absorbed in low levels by diet, the lack of this is widespread.
Magnesium activates more than 300 enzymes in the body. Magnesium affects the passability characteristics and electrical properties of the membrane.
Reduced magnesium levels increase the membrane conductivity of tissues, such as the heart. Magnesium competes with calcium for binding positions in membranes and stimulates calcium concentration from the sarcoplasmic network.
Hypomagnesemia may affect the secretion and action of PYN and lead to hypocalcemia.
An adult’s body contains around 24 grams of magnesium, of which 65% is in the bones. More than 65% of the amount of magnesium in the body is found in the bones, where along with calcium and phosphorus, it helps in their formation and provides them with resistance—39% in tissue and organs and just 1% in blood plasma.
Magnesium plays a crucial role in energy release, as it is a cofactor in energy release reactions. It is also necessary for the synthesis of RNA and DNA replication, e.g., during cell production. In addition, magnesium is essential for nerve and muscle function, including heart muscle. Sometimes referred to as the metal “anti-stress” because of its role in muscle relaxation.
It is also necessary to restore and maintain somatic cells and tissues, as it is a cofactor in protein metabolism.
What’s magnesium best for?
Magnesium is best for:
- Body temperature regulator,
- Necessary for osteosis (helps calcium penetrate the bones),
- Regulator of glucose and lipid metabolism of muscle, heart, and nerve tissues
Recommended daily doses of magnesium
According to the RDA, people need 6 mg of magnesium for every kilogram of weight per day. Thus, a person of 70 kg needs 420 mg of magnesium a day for the proper functioning of the body. We point out that people who work out systematically need more magnesium because the energy production in their body is more significant, and they losses more.