Philosophy is the systematic study of general, fundamental questions. Often, these questions are posed as problems. Philosophy aims to answer these questions and find the best answers. Philosophers try to answer these questions by exploring their roots. They often study nature, human behaviour, and the nature of human knowledge. Philosophers also study art and literature.
Initially, philosophy began in the ancient Greek world. It began as an investigation of myths and the rational order of the cosmos. Socrates framed the inquiry by declaring, “know thyself,” saying, “a life without question is not worth living.” This method of questioning has endured to this day, and the goal of philosophical inquiry is to fully understand one’s place in society and one’s true self.
Philosophy has an open-minded spirit. It is never content with presenting old knowledge. Philosophers have asked what makes us human, what makes a life worthwhile, and what sort of community is most beneficial. They have also asked whether humans have a divine foundation. While these questions can be challenging, they are fundamental to understanding the world and making informed decisions.
Philosophers analyze things using principles. This helps them better understand things that seem puzzling. Some perennial questions that philosophers ask are: “What is justice?” “What is knowledge?” and “What is reality?” These questions require analysis of concepts and principles.